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What is Dialysis Fistula Surgery?

It is a surgical procedure performed for patients with serious health problems such as kidney failure. Dialysis fistula surgery During this procedure, a connection is created between a large vein in the arm or leg and a responding artery.

The connection allows blood and body waste to pass into the dialysis machine, thus cleansing the blood and ensuring balance. It creates an effective vascular access pathway necessary for long-term treatment and can improve the patient's quality of life.

In Which Situations Is Dialysis Fistula Surgery Performed?

It is applied in cases where the kidneys do not function adequately. It is also used in cases of chronic kidney failure where toxins cannot be removed from the body. Patients require regular dialysis treatment. In order to perform dialysis treatment, blood access to a dialysis machine is needed. This is used to provide access.

Treatment can be administered by hemodialysis or peritoneum. Both can work with fistula. When performing dialysis treatment, it is important to have adequate blood flow to circulate and cleanse the blood. It is used to increase the flow, thus making the process more effective and efficient. In some patients, the use of a catheter may be required. However, catheters are usually a temporary solution and a fistula can be created for long-term treatment.

Dialysis fistula surgeryIt is a surgical procedure and must be done carefully. Selection of appropriate artery and vein is important for creating the fistula. It is usually performed by a surgical specialist or radiologist. If the patient needs a suitable fistula for treatment, he/she should be referred by the doctor.

Stages of Dialysis Fistula Surgery

What is Dialysis Fistula Surgery?

Before the operation, the patient's general health condition and vascular structure are evaluated. Evaluation helps select the appropriate vein. Surgical intervention can be performed under local anesthesia or general anesthesia. An anesthesia method appropriate to the patient's condition is selected by the anesthesiologist.

The patient's arm or leg area is cleaned and access is provided to the area where surgery will be performed in a sterile environment. Usually veins on the arm or leg are used. The doctor selects a suitable vein and makes surgical incisions to create a connection between the artery and vein. The connection allows blood to pass to the dialysis machine and the patient's circulatory system.

Once the fistula is created, the incisions are closed and closed with stitches. Stitches help the area heal. After the intervention, the patient's condition is closely monitored. It may take several weeks for the fistula to mature. The doctor performs tests periodically to evaluate its function. Once the fistula matures, the patient can begin dialysis treatment.

At this stage, the fistula is connected to the dialysis device and provides access to the blood circulation. Dialysis fistula surgeryis an important step for patients to receive dialysis treatment. Postoperatively, patients should pay attention to the care of the fistula. They should follow the doctor's recommendations. Additionally, certain precautions should be taken to prevent post-operative complications.

Things to Consider After Surgery

What is Dialysis Fistula Surgery?

Wound care is very important to reduce the risk of infection. You should perform wound care regularly in accordance with the instructions given by your doctor. Keep bandages around the wound clean and dry.

If you notice any abnormalities such as redness, swelling, pain or discharge in the wound area, you should contact your doctor immediately. Dialysis patients often need protein and other nutrients.

You should take care to eat in accordance with a healthy nutrition plan. Blood tests are often done before or after dialysis, and you should follow the recommended diet. You should attend your appointments regularly. In order for the procedure to be successful, you must act in accordance with your doctor's recommendations.

You can limit your physical activity in the post-operative period. You can start the exercises slowly as recommended. Avoid heavy lifting and overly strenuous activities as this may damage the fistula.

You should take prescribed medications regularly. You should be careful not to skip your medications. Smoking and excessive alcohol consumption can negatively affect your recovery process. You should stay away from harmful habits.

You may feel any signs of discomfort or complications after the intervention. In this case, you should immediately consult your doctor. Dialysis fistula surgery A careful recovery process will help patients maintain their health. It will also be effective in the efficient functioning of the fistula.

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