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dialysis diet and nutrition

What is Diet and Nutrition in Dialysis Patients?

For dialysis patients, nutrition plays a critical role in the success of treatment and improving overall health. It is important to maintain the balance of fluid accumulated in the body and minerals such as potassium, phosphorus and sodium. Therefore, patients may need to avoid certain foods or consume them in limited amounts. Protein-rich diets are recommended to prevent excessive protein loss and keep energy levels high. However, each individual's needs are different. For this reason, it is essential to act under the guidance of a dietitian or nephrologist when creating your nutrition plan.

Fluid Restrictions in Dialysis

Dialysis patients often limit fluid intake to prevent fluid accumulation in the body. This helps reduce the risk of high blood pressure, edema and heart burden. It is critical to carefully monitor daily fluid intake.

Potassium and Dialysis

Potassium balance is vital for dialysis patients. High potassium levels can lead to heart rhythm problems. Therefore, consumption of high-potassium foods such as bananas, oranges and dried fruits should be limited.

Be Careful in Protein Intake

Dialysis can cause loss of protein in the body. However, excessive protein consumption can put pressure on the kidneys. To maintain this balance, protein intake should be sufficient but not excessive.

Phosphorus Control

Phosphorus is a mineral that should be consumed in limited amounts for dialysis patients. High phosphorus can have negative effects on bone and heart health. High phosphorus foods such as milk, cheese and nuts should be consumed carefully.

Dialysis Patient Dietitian

Dialysis patients have special nutritional needs. Therefore, it is useful to meet with a dietitian regularly to create a balanced nutrition plan based on individual needs. can provide guidance in this process.

Frequently asked questions about diet and nutrition for dialysis patients

Frequently Asked Questions About Dialysis and Nutrition

Dialysis can cause protein loss from the body. Therefore, it is important for dialysis patients to get enough protein to maintain muscle mass and improve overall health.

Excessive fluid intake can increase heart load in dialysis patients and increase the risk of high blood pressure and edema. That's why it's essential to keep fluid intake under control.

Phosphorus is high in dairy products, nuts and some meat products. Excessive phosphorus intake can negatively affect bone health and lead to a calcium-phosphorus imbalance.

Excessive salt consumption can cause fluid accumulation in the body and increase blood pressure. This may pose a risk to heart and kidney health in dialysis patients.

Excessive potassium intake can cause heart rhythm disturbances. Therefore, consumption of foods containing high potassium should be limited.

Kidney functions, general health status and lifestyle of each dialysis patient are different. Therefore, nutrition plans should be customized to individual needs.